Yoga and Plantar Fasciitis: Benefits and Precautions

Complete GuideFeeling pain in your feet while walking, running or standing? You might be at risk of developing Plantar Fasciitis.

Looking for ways to treat the condition naturally? You can try yoga! In this article, you will find out how yoga can help reduce the symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis and the precautions you need to take.

The diagnosis of plantar fasciitis can be frustrating for those living with the condition. Plantar fasciitis typically presents with heel pain and discomfort during activity due to inflammation of the connective tissue on the bottom of the foot, known as the plantar fascia. Fortunately, yoga has been shown to offer relief from these uncomfortable symptoms.

Yoga is a form of exercise that incorporates stretching, strength training, and breath control. The combination of these movements helps to improve flexibility and balance which can in turn reduce pain caused by plantar fasciitis. However, certain types of yoga poses should be avoided or modified due to their potential to aggravate existing conditions related to plantar fasciitis.

This article will explore further how yoga can benefit those dealing with this common injury while providing safety tips to protect feet from further damage or delayed healing.

Explanation of plantar fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a common diagnosis that is characterized by pain in the feet. It occurs when the fascia — tissues connecting the heel bone to toes — becomes inflamed or swollen. This condition can be caused by poor posture, standing and walking improperly, sudden or excessive exercising, or wearing shoes with inadequate arch support.

Pain in the bottom of the feet, especially at the heel is a key symptom of plantar fasciitis. Patients may also experience stiffness across the foot and their toes may be bent downward from their natural alignment. Stiffness and pain around the Achilles tendon may also occur as a result of plantar fasciitis and can be particularly debilitating for those who don’t adjust their activity levels effectively.

Benefits of Yoga for Plantar Fasciitis

Yoga can be a safe, effective form of exercise for people with plantar fasciitis. The stretching, strengthening, and relaxation that yoga offers is a gentle way to increase flexibility in the feet and promote healing. In addition, yoga helps to reduce stress which can lead to better overall health.

The following poses may be beneficial for those looking to use yoga as a form of treatment for plantar fasciitis:

– Downward Dog Pose: This pose helps to stretch all of the major muscles in your legs, helping to bring circulation and flexibility back into the feet and legs. Place both hands on your lower back, lift hips towards the sky, press heels towards the floor, and hold.

– Tree Pose: Tree pose improves balance and stability while also helping to reduce swelling in the feet bringing much needed relief from pain. Start by standing straight with your arms at your sides. Shift weight onto one foot while you bring your other foot up onto either ankle or knee if able while using the support of a wall if necessary during this pose.

– Triangle Pose: Triangle opens up hips which can help relieve tension that often builds up due to improper footwear or sitting for long periods of time .Start this pose by standing with two wide steps apart from each other and reach out with one arm directly above shoulder as you bend over toward opposite side touching side or ankle of opposite leg with other hand. Hold for several breaths before slowly releasing back down into original position.

Stretching exercises for the feet and legs

Stretching exercises can help to lengthen and strengthen the muscles of the foot, making it better prepared to support the body through activities such as walking and running. Stretching can also help reduce pain associated with plantar fasciitis by increasing blood flow and flexibility in this area.

When performing stretches for the feet and legs always remember to perform them slowly, uniformly and consistently — do not rush through them. Additionally, it is important to not push too far beyond what feels comfortable — feeling some discomfort is alright, but pain should never be ignored.

Some commonly used stretching exercises for the feet include:

  • Toe Raises – Start standing with your feet shoulder width apart. Contract your toes upward towards you as if you are picking up a piece of paper off the floor while leaving your heel flat on the ground. Slowly lower your toes back down without completely releasing them until they are back in their starting position. Repeat this exercise 10-20 times a day for best results.
  • Calf Muscle stretch – Stand facing a wall with one foot slightly behind you so that you can feel a comfortable stretched sensation throughout your calf muscle but not extreme pain or discomfort. Place both hands against the wall for balance, keeping your body weight firmly on your front foot and driving it into the ground by pushing away from the wall behind you with both legs straightened out in front of you. Hold for up to 15 seconds before releasing and completing 1-3 sets per foot during each session
  • Ankle circles – Sit comfortably in a chair or on a mat then raise one leg straight up in front of yourself while actively flexing that ankle joint 10 times in each direction (clockwise/counterclockwise). Switch over to stretch out the other ankle following suit with those same steps before completing 1-3 sets per foot during each session

Increased circulation and flexibility

When practicing yoga, your posture is key to enjoy the full range of benefits yoga offers. If you are experiencing plantar fasciitis, focus on increasing the flexibility and range of motion in the feet by gently stretching them after warmth-ups and during longer holds. Focus on postures that stretch out different areas in your foot – specifically along the arch. These stretches will increase blood circulation to your feet which aids healing time.

Specific postures that have been found to be beneficial for relieveding pain caused by Plantar Fasciitis include: Extended triangle pose, Half Pigeon Pose, Tree Pose, Standing Forward fold, Child’s Pose with Stretching Toes apart and Leg Lifts with toes pointed outward. During all poses take caution not to put pressure on any painful area when stretching or emphasizing too much motion in any of the areas. Hold each pose for at least 5 breaths before attempting another pose such as a standing forward fold for 10 reps for three rounds for maximum benefit.

It’s also important to maintain proper alignment when transitioning from one pose to another in order to make sure you’re getting full benefit of the stretch or exercise while still protecting the affected area from further injury or flare-ups.

III. Precautions for Practicing Yoga with Plantar Fasciitis

Caring for plantar fasciitis is a process that takes time and patience. While yoga can help reduce symptoms, it is also important to be mindful of your limits and possible overuse. Practicing with incorrect form can be damaging as it may cause more inflammation or further irritation of the condition.

When practicing yoga, it is essential to avoid any stretches or postures that cause pain in the heel or arch area, even if slightly uncomfortable. The intensity of each pose should gradually increase over time and if you feel discomfort during any postures making sure to loosen up immediately and adjust your positioning. Wearing supportive shoes with ample cushioning during practice can also lessen strain on the foot.

It is best to consult a doctor first before beginning a new exercise regime for personalized advice on best practices for caring for your foot health.

Avoiding poses that put excessive strain on the feet

If you suffer from plantar fasciitis, it’s important to be mindful of the types of poses that might exacerbate your symptoms. Poses such as balancing on the toes and placing pressure directly onto the feet should be avoided or modified. Instead, focus on supporting your weight on your legs and hips, or use props to reduce strain.

It’s also recommended to keep your feet slightly flexed during standing postures, which helps take pressure off of the plantar fascia. In addition, focus on avoiding activities that require you to stand for long periods of time without taking a break.

Using props to modify poses

Modifying your poses with props can be a helpful way to allow for the movement of your feet and ankles that is necessary for relieving your plantar fasciitis symptoms. Yoga blocks, bolsters and straps can be used to make poses more accessible and comfortable. By using them, you can support your body weight in other places, allowing the targeted area to feel less pressure.

For example, when doing Sphinx Pose (Bhujangasana), use a block under each elbow and bend atop them, instead of pressing down into the far corner of your palms. With Chair Pose (Utkatasana) you can lift up onto a yoga bolster rather than pushing too hard into the balls of the feet or wrapping a strap around the back of one knee at a time to increase breathability within the pose.

Best Yoga Poses for Plantar Fasciitis

Yoga and mindful stretching can be beneficial for people with Plantar Fasciitis, improving balance and flexibility while promoting mindfulness, relaxation and conscious breath-work. To gain the most benefit whilst minimizing risk of injury, it is important to focus on poses that are suitable for your own ability level. Here are some of the best yoga poses to target the foot muscles, tendons and ligaments that become tight and strained with Plantar Fasciitis:

  1. Downward Dog – This pose stretches the entire backside of your body while providing traction of your feet and calf muscles.
  2. Child’s Pose – This pose releases tension in the lower back and hips while releasing tightness in foot ligaments.
  3. Elephant / Garland Pose – These hip-openers gently stretch the calf muscle and assist to balance arch length at both front (flexor tendons) and back (extensor tendons) of your feet.
  4. Puppy Pose– Gently compresses arch muscles for improved circulation in feet; balancing extensor/flexor tension.
  5. Tree Pose – Enhances postural awareness along with strengthening feet muscles through full range of motion.

Remember to always keep your practice slow, controlled and mindful, honouring how you feel in each moment as well as being aware of how far is too far when it comes to stretching; it’s best to ease slowly into each pose as overstretching can exacerbate discomfort or re-injury risk associated with Plantar Fasciitis symptoms. Also always make sure that you have a yoga teacher present when trying poses for injury management so they can watch you closely for overextension/incorrect alignment; this allows them to provide suitable modifications as needed during practice time.

Downward dog with calf stretch

Downward dog with calf stretch is a simple yoga exercise that involves standing in downward facing dog, and then gently walking the feet closer to the hands until you feel a strong but not painful stretch in your calves. This exercise can be done before or after yoga practice, or even on its own as a stand-alone stretch.

This type of exercise is particularly useful for those suffering from plantar fasciitis because it brings flexibility and mobility back to the arch of the foot and the Achilles tendon. It also helps to lengthen and release tension from surrounding muscles, which can ultimately reduce inflammation in the area.

When doing this pose, carefully pay attention to how your body feels, taking special note of any pain or discomfort that may indicate an injury or overstretching. If you do experience pain during this pose, modify or discontinue it until you are able to talk with your doctor about any further instructions they may have.

Seated forward bend

Seated forward bend, or paschimottonasana, is a pose that gently stretches the muscles of the spine, back and hamstrings. To perform this pose, begin seated in a comfortable position on your yoga mat. Bring the feet together and then move them apart slightly until hips feel open and legs are stretched. With the spine tall, fold forward at the hips keeping the back straight and neck relaxed. As your arms stretch down towards the feet try to keep your palms on top of your feet if possible; if not bring hands slightly to the front of your feet. Hold this pose for up to five minutes while focusing on long deep breaths.

To modify this pose you can use a blanket or block as support under hands while folding down as far as is comfortable. It’s important to avoid pain or pulling sensations in any part of your body during forward folds—do not overextend by forcing your body too far down. When coming out of paschimottonasana return with awareness one vertebra at a time, drawing awareness to movements within spine while fingertips press lightly into floor until seated upright once again.

Importance of Seeking Medical Advice

It is important to consult with a qualified medical professional before starting or continuing a yoga practice when dealing with plantar fasciitis. Every individual is different and could benefit from different approaches and postures in addressing the condition. The doctor may also be able to suggest the use of orthotics or special shoes, as well as recommend medications or other treatments depending on the severity of the condition. Working with a physical therapist that specializes in treating plantar fasciitis is also valuable for learning proper form, warming up and cooling down, especially for those new to yoga.

In some cases, certain poses should be avoided due to potential risk of further exacerbating plantar fasciitis symptoms; however, by consulting with a doctor on an individual basis, an optimal plan can be established that focuses on posture and movement while minimizing pain flare-ups or further injury.

Possible underlying health conditions

Before attempting any yoga practice with plantar fasciitis, it’s important to review some possible underlying health conditions that may be at play. Poorly managed diabetes or circulatory disorders can restrict blood flow to the feet and cause a host of other conditions like neuropathy which causes pain and numbness. If you have diabetes or another circulatory disorder, it’s best to speak with your healthcare provider prior to starting a yoga practice in order to ensure optimum support of your health.

Another possible underlying condition is low bone density. Osteoarthritis and osteopenia involve thinning or deteriorating cartilage and bone which can lead to sharp pains in the feet, especially around the heel area due to increased pressure on already pushed-down flat foot structures. Speak with you doctor if you are concerned about this condition as he/she may even recommend wearing orthopedic inserts during yoga practice for extra support.


In conclusion, yoga can be a highly effective form of activity for those with plantar fasciitis, as it helps to stretch and strengthen the muscles and ligaments of the foot and lower leg. However, as with all forms of exercise, proper form and technique must be used in order to maximize the benefits while minimizing risk.

A qualified yoga teacher can provide detailed instruction on proper poses and techniques that are most appropriate for individuals with plantar fasciitis. Furthermore, anyone experiencing an increase in pain or discomfort should immediately stop the practice until they are able to determine the cause of their symptoms. With regular practice under supervision of a yoga instructor, many people can find substantial relief from their condition using yoga as a form of physical therapy.

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